The following are CBT questions and answers that covers medication calculation, disease conditions and other parts of nursing practices.
Answers are provided alongside each questions.
If you notice nay errors, kindly notify us via the comment section.
Question 1. A patient is prescribed 120mg tab. Available dose is 40mg. How many tablets for a single dose?
ANSWER: D/H×Q=A => 120/40 =3 tablets
Question 2. A patient is advised 120mg tab. Available dose is 30mg. How many tablets for a single dose?
ANSWER: D/H×Q=A => 120/30 = 4 tablets
Question 3. 1500ml IV fluid to be infused over 8 hours. Calculate the ml/hr to be given in an infusion pump?
ANSWER: Total volume/Time in hours =1500/8 =187.5ml/hr
Question 4. Inj Metrogyl 100ml to be infused over half an hour. How many ml/hr to be set in an infusion pump?
ANSWER: 100÷30×60 => 200ml/hr
Question 5. Prescription 2.5mg/hr. How much will be given in 24 hours?
ANSWER: 2.5×24 => 60mg
Question 6. Calculate fluid balance when Intake is 2738ml and Output is 750ml?
ANSWER: 2738-750 => 1988ml
Question 7. A patient weighing 55kg is prescribed 3mg/kg of medicine. How many mg will be given?
ANSWER: 55×3 =>165mg
Question 8. Prescribed dose is 50mg three times daily. Available is 125mg/5ml. How much will be for a single dose?
ANSWER: D/H×Q=A = 50÷125×5 => 2ml.
Question 9. How can a nurse provide support for a blind patient taking oral fluids?
ANSWER: Ask the patient if he need any assistance.
Question 10. Which should be considered for a 15 year old girl asking for contraceptive advice?
A). Faser guidelines B). Gillick guidelines
QUESTION 11. In Early warning score system, what does ACVPU stands for?
A. Awake, cooperation, verbalisation, pain, unconsciousness
B. Alert, compatibility, verbalisation, pain, unconsciousness
C. Awake, communication, voice, pain, unconsciousness.
D. Alert, Confused, voice, Pain, unconsciousness.
Question 12. A widow lady with dementia and recent UTI complains that she saw something running in the kitchen. What does this mean?
ANSWER: Manifesting delirium due to infection.
Question 13. Medicine not administered because of unavailability in the stock. To whom should you inform?
ANSWER: Document the reason for omission, inform prescriber and senior nurse.
Question 14. Patient newly diagnosed with oesophageal cancer should decide on treatment, broken down and cries. What is the most appropriate nurses action?
ANSWER: Acknowledge the decision, provide private room to discuss with the family.
Question 15. COPD patients will exhibit?
ANSWER: High PCO2 and low PO2
Question 16. Why adjuvants like anticonvulsants and antidepressants are given in palliative care?
ANSWER: To aid/increase the effectiveness of opioids.
Question 17. An elderly patient complaints that his neighbor is stealing his money, not buying food?
ANSWER: Inform patient’s GP, identify local safeguarding policy and act accordingly.
Question 18. What is the cause of gingival bleeding?
ANSWER: Poor removal of plaque.
Question 19. What is best advice that can given for a COPD patient on discharge?
ANSWER: Cessation of smoking.
Question 20. A nurse visit a patient and finds that her daughter has bruises and looks thin. What should be done?
ANSWER: Identify local safeguarding policy and raise alert, ask assistance from line manager, inform social services and police.
Question 21. What are the factors that should be considered in safeguarding concerns in adults?
A). Type of harm,source of harm,degree of harm.
B). why, what, where.
Question 22. Who is responsible for educating and supervising students?
ANSWER: All RNs (All other options are: only mentors,only supervisors).
Question 23. What symptoms will be shown by a patient with depression?
D. All the above
ANSWER is D
Question 23. Patient with CVA has difficulty in swallowing. To whom will be referred?
ANSWER: Speech and language Therapist.
Question 24. A patient is agitated and want to discharge himself. What should be done?
ANSWER: Let him go as there is no signs of physical risk and if not,it will be deprivation of liberty.
Question 25. What is the most appropriate advise that can be given to a woman taking OCP on holiday?
A). Ask her to go for other methods of contraception as there is risk for diarrhea during holidays.
B). Take extra pills as it will not be available abroad or expensive.
Answer is A.
(I opted A beacuse there is risk for travellers’ diarrhea during holidays and it is reported that its incidence is high.And the option A says that ‘as there is risk for diarrhea during holidays’ and the question doesn’t says the duration of holiday-short or long so that to take extra pills)
Question 26. Standard precaution measures include?
ANSWER: Hand hygiene, Use of PPE, safe handling and disposal of waste.
Question 27. The recommended servings of fruits and vegetables in a day?
ANSWER: five 80g servings of fruit and vegetable a day.
Question 28. Wrong documentation?
ANSWER: Draw line through entry, state that it is error, write name, signature, job title, date and time.
Question 29. What is the standard practice follow ed in handwritten documentation?
ANSWER: Print your name, signature, designation, date and time.
Question 30. A consent is VALID when the patient?
ANSWER: Has capacity, voluntary and informed.
Question 31. Manager asks to wash all the patients before 10 am.What is the most appropriate response?
ANSWER: Talk to the manager,tell him that holistic care will be compromised.
Question 32. A newly appointed staff makes repeated errors leaving patient’s safety at risk.As a line manager what will you do?
ANSWER: Talk to her privately, identify her difficulties, provide support and appropriate training.
Question 33. Student nurses performs wrong procedure.what should be done?
ANSWER: Stop them, provide training and assess competency.
Question 34. A patient is for surgery but her BMI is low. To whom should be referred?
Question 35. Subcutaneous insulin injection should be given at?
ANSWER: 90 degree
Question 36. What is patient centered care?
ANSWER: Take patient as whole and deliver appropriate care.
Question 37. When should a nurse administer broad spectrum antibiotics for a patient with sepsis?
ANSWER: Immediately after collecting blood samples for culture.
Question 38. What is advocacy in nursing?
ANSWER: To inform,mediate and support on behalf of the patient.
Question 39. Patient refused antihypertensive tablet and her daughter asks to crush the tablet. What will the most appropriate response?
ANSWER: Tell her that it will alter its therapeutic effect and refuse to disguise.
Question 40. A patient want to share a secret. What will be your response?
ANSWER: Tell her that only relevant information will be shared with others.
Question 41. Community hospitals provide:?
ANSWER: Rehabilitation, respite care, primary care, acute care, Physiotherapy.
Question 42. Which condition requires chest compressions and ventilations rather than defibrillation?
Question 43. Patient’s initial GCS is 15. How frequently should be monitored then?
ANSWER: 30 minutes
Question 44. A patient deemed to have capacity refuses blood transfusion on the basis of religion. What will you do?
ANSWER: Accept his decision as he is aware of the consequences.
Question 45. Surgical wound dressing criterias?
ANSWER: Low humidity, high adherence, sterile, insulation.
Question 46. What will you consider while delegating a task?
ANSWER: The person’s competency to perform.
Question 47. Average heart rate of 1-2year old?
Question 48. 16 year old is anxious during physical examination.
ANSWER: Stay with the patient, don’t intervene directly, provide support by non verbal communication.
Question 49. How is compassion defined?
ANSWER: Maintain dignity, empathy and intelligent kindness.
Question 50. How will you oraganise a patient’s care plan?
ANSWER: Assess needs, diagnose, implement and evaluate.